Zaznacz stronę

7) Loan-to-value appraisal: The lender will also usually ask for some sort of (perhaps informal) assessment of the value of your home compared to what you owe for the existing loan. With so many people applying for refinancing these days, it can take much longer than expected for your refinancing to be completed. You have no control over how your lender is secured by applications. However, you can speed things up on your end by gathering all the relevant documents before you start the refinancing process. Your monthly payment increases with a shorter loan term, and you have to pay closing costs for refinancing. The Obama administration has approved several refinancing programs designed to help submarine owners take advantage of historically low interest rates. Most of these programs do not require evaluation and include all types of loans. Programs offered in 2013 include: To refinance, a borrower must contact their existing lender or a new lender with the application and complete a new loan application. Refinancing then involves a reassessment of the terms of the loan and the financial situation of a person or company.

Consumer loans, which are generally considered for refinancing, include mortgages, auto loans, and student loans. In situations where the borrower has both a first and a second mortgage, it is common to consolidate these loans as part of the refinancing process. Even if the borrower does not receive a net „payment” as part of the transaction, in some cases, lenders will consider it a withdrawal transaction due to the „12-month rule.” This rule states that any refinancing that occurs within 12 months of a second mortgage (which was not part of the original purchase transaction) is considered a payment refinancing. [2] In some jurisdictions, which vary from state to state, refinanced mortgages are considered recourse debts, meaning that the borrower is liable in the event of default, while unfunded mortgages are recourse debts. This can be a great choice in a declining market or if you`re not sure if you`re holding the loan long enough to cover closing costs before refinancing or paying it back. For example, you plan to sell your home in three years, but it will take five years for closing costs to pay for themselves. This might prevent you from considering refinancing, but if you choose the zero-closing cost option, you can lower your interest rate without the risk of losing money. Some term loans include penalty clauses („appeal provisions”) triggered by the early repayment of the loan, in whole or in part, as well as „closing” costs. There will also be transaction fees for refinancing. These fees must be calculated before a loan refinancing begins, as they can offset the savings from the refinancing. Penalty clauses only apply to loans repaid before maturity. If a loan is repaid at maturity, it is new financing, not refinancing, and all terms of the previous commitment end when the new financing funds repay the previous debt.

Business refinancing is the process by which a company reorganizes its financial obligations by replacing or restructuring existing debt. Business refinancing is often done to improve a company`s financial situation and can also be done with the help of a debt restructuring when a company is in trouble. Corporate refinancing often involves taking over older corporate bond issues where possible and issuing new bonds at lower interest rates. A borrower must calculate the total cost of a new loan compared to the existing loan. The fees for the new loan include closing costs, prepayment penalties (if any) and interest paid over the life of the new loan. This should be less than the remaining interest paid on the existing loan to see if it makes financial sense to refinance. 4) Monthly Debt Burden: Although your lender may see your debt during a credit check, you should still consider that debt. This means gathering documents for things like: Borrowers often opt for refinancing when the interest rate environment changes significantly, which translates into potential savings on debt payments from a new deal. In this case, the broker receives a loan or a so-called yield spread (YSP) premium. Spread premiums are the money a mortgage company receives for your loan.

The broker provides the client with the necessary documentation to process the loan, and the lender pays him to provide this service instead of paying one of its own loan agents. Because a broker may have more than one loan agent granting loans, he can sometimes get an additional YSP to bring in a volume of loans. This is usually based on the financing of more than 1 million total loans per month. The borrower has been able to benefit greatly, especially since April 1, 2011. New laws have been implemented by the federal government that require all brokers to set prices with the lenders they do business with. Brokers can get so much YSP that they can offer you a lower price than you had directly from the lender, and they can pay all your closing costs as opposed to the lender, who would let you pay all the third-party fees themselves. In the end, you have a lower price and lower fees. Since the new RESPA law came into force in April 2011, brokers can no longer decide how much they want to earn from the loan. Instead, they sign a contract in April stipulating that they will only keep a certain percentage of the YSP and the rest will be spent on borrowers` closing costs. A loan (debt) can be refinanced for a variety of reasons: here is a hypothetical example of how refinancing works. Suppose Jane and John have a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage. The interest they have paid since they first set their rate 10 years ago is 8%.

Due to economic conditions, interest rates are falling. The couple turns to their bank and can refinance their existing mortgage at a new interest rate of 4%. This allows Jane and John to set a new interest rate for the next 20 years while lowering their regular monthly mortgage payment. If interest rates fall again in the future, they may be able to refinance themselves to further reduce their payments. Refinancing for reasons 2, 3 and 5 is usually taken care of by borrowers who have financial difficulties to reduce their monthly repayment obligations, with the penalty that they take longer to repay their debts. If the refinanced loan has the same interest rate as before, but has a longer term, this will result in higher total interest costs over the life of the loan and will result in the borrower`s debt remaining for many years to come. Typically, a refinanced loan has a lower interest rate. This lower interest rate, combined with the new, longer term that remains on the loan, will reduce payments.

Refinancers often require a percentage of the total loan amount as an initial payment. Generally, in the United States, this amount is expressed as „Points” (or „Rewards”). 1 point = 1% of the total loan amount. More points (i.e. a larger upfront payment) usually result in a lower interest rate. Some lenders will offer to finance part of the loan themselves, thus generating so-called „negative points” (i.e. discounts). A refinancing, or „refi” for short, refers to the process of reviewing and replacing the terms of an existing loan agreement, usually in connection with a loan or mortgage. When a business or individual decides to refinance a loan commitment, they are actually trying to make favorable changes to their interest rate, payment schedule, and/or other terms set out in their contract.

If approved, the borrower receives a new contract that replaces the original agreement. The most common motivation for refinancing is the interest rate environment. Because interest rates are cyclical, many consumers opt for refinancing when interest rates fall. Domestic monetary policy, the business cycle, and competition in the market can be key factors that lead to higher or lower interest rates for consumers and businesses. These factors can affect the interest rates of all types of credit products, including non-revolving loans and revolving credit cards. .